|Common Method Of Extraction
||Slightly sweet, lemony smell
Citronella oil is generally extracted using steam distillation process;
using finely chopped fresh, dried or part-dried grass.
Citronella oil contains citronellol, geraniol, citronellic acid, borneol,
nerol, camphene, citral, citronellal, dipentene and limonene.
Ceylon type: Consists of geraniol (18-20%), limonene (9-11%), methyl
isoeugenol (7-11%), citronellol (6-8%), and citronellal (5-15%).
Java type: Citronellal (32-45%), geraniol (11-13%), geranyl acetate (3-8%),
Essential Oil Information:
This is a volatile oil and is steam distilled using greenish blue,
lemon-scented leaves and stem of Cymbopogon nardus (Ceylon citronella) or
Cymbopogon winteratus (Java type citronella) plants. This essential oil
generally contains citronellal and geraniol.
Citronella oil is available in two different categories such as Ceylon
citronella oil obtained from Cymbopogon nardus Rendle, (inferior type) and
Java citronella oil obtained from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt, (superior
It is a colorless or light yellow liquid known for its characteristic
woody, grassy or lemony odour. Vapours of this oil causes initial
stimulation followed by depression of the central nervous system when
inhaled. It is also flammable in nature.
Blends Well With:
Citronella oil blends well with lemongrass, lavender, peppermint, cajeput,
eucalyptus, rosemary, vanilla and bergamot.
Citronella oil is less toxic and thus, bears minimal or no risk to the
environment or wildlife. Though it is used as air freshener, its fumes can
be potentially toxic to birds.
This essential oil has slightly sweet and lemony smell and is widely used
in perfumery and medicines due to no hazardous impact.